Instructional Strategies and Behaviorism
Behaviorism is based on what B.F Skinner called operant conditioning. reinforcement of the desireable behaviors and punishment of the undesirable behaviors (Laureate 2008). The goal of behaviorism is to use extrinsic motivators to get the desired behavior or output. Overtime, the extrinsic motivators are phased out in the hopes of creating intrinsic motivators.
The spreadsheet software mentioned (Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. p.156) is a prime example. Students are quick to blame outside (extrinsic) forces for their success or failure. Having the students create and use an Effort/ Achievement sheet shows the student that it is in fact an intrinsic (effort) that has the greatest effect on their grades. “Students need consistent and systematic exposure like this one to really grasp the impact effort has on achievement (Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. p.158).”
Multimedia is a resource that students can use “to shape their individual learning style and increase their level of understanding to mastery (Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. p.192).” How did we learn to type??? How did we learn our math factors??? We learned these through multimedia programs.
“Web Resources allow students to practice concepts and skills repeatedly from their house, during a study period, or even as an anchor activity in a differentiated classroom (Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. p.195)” Educational computer games provide immediate feedback and allow for students to monitor (an intrinsic motivator) progress.
Web resources, multimedia, spreadsheet software are resources that can be used to achieve a desireable outcome. Through monitoring and practice, students who need extrinsic motivation can slowly create an intrinsic motivation by using these type of resources.
Orey, M. (Ed.). (2008). Behaviorist learning theory. Laureate Education, DVD.
Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., & Malenoski, K. (2007). Using technology with classroom instruction that works. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.